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Delphi下检查SQL Server服务器当前运行状态!

Delphi下检查SQL Server服务器当前运行状态!要求:Delphi下随时监控SQL Server状态。1、命令提示符下可用:TELNET &l

Delphi下检查SQL Server服务器当前运行状态!
要求:Delphi下随时监控SQL Server状态。
1、命令提示符下可用:TELNET <SQL Server IP> 1433  检查。
2、Delphi下如何模拟实现上述功能。

———-
原来做过:
function GetSqlServerStatus(lpszComputerName: LPCTSTR): Integer;
var
ssStatus: SERVICE_STATUS;
dwOldCheckPoint: DWORD;
dwStartTickCount: DWORD;
dwWaitTime: DWORD;
dwStatus: DWORD;
lpszServiceName: LPCTSTR;
schSCManager: SC_HANDLE;
schService: SC_HANDLE;
begin
if (lpszComputerName <> nil) and
((StrComp(lpszComputerName, \\\’127.0.0.1\\\’) = 0) or (StrComp(lpszComputerName, \\\’.\\\’) = 0)) then
lpszComputerName := nil;
lpszServiceName := \\\’MSSQLServer\\\’;
schSCManager := OpenSCManager(
lpszComputerName, //Computer name
nil, // ServicesActive database
SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS); // full access rights

if schSCManager = 0 then
GetSqlServerStatus := -1; //Machine not exists
schService := OpenService(
schSCManager, // SCM database
lpszServiceName, // service name
SERVICE_ALL_ACCESS);
if schService = 0 then begin
CloseServiceHandle(schService);
GetSqlServerStatus := -2; //SqlServer Service not Exists
end;
if not QueryServiceStatus(
schService, // handle to service
ssStatus) then begin // address of status information structure
GetSqlServerStatus := -3; //MyErrorExit(\\\’QueryServiceStatus\\\’);
Result := ssStatus.dwCurrentState;
end;
//———-
网上找的,看看有用不
uses Registry, ShellAPI, FileCtrl, Unit2;
{$R *.DFM}

function IsNT: Boolean;
begin
Result := (Win32MajorVersion >= 4) and (Win32Platform = VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT);
end;
var
IsExists: Boolean = False;
function IsExistsMSSQL: Boolean;
const
MSSQLSERVER = \\\’SOFTWARE/Microsoft/MSSQLServer\\\’;
Reg: TRegistry;
Result := IsExists;
if Result then Exit;
if not IsNT then
Reg := TRegistry.Create else
Reg := TRegistry.Create(KEY_READ);
with Reg do
try
Reg.RootKey := HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE;
Result := KeyExists(MSSQLSERVER);
IsExists := Result;
finally
Free;
end;
MSSQL_98StartCommand = \\\’scm -action 1 -pwd "%s"\\\’;
MSSQL_NTStartCommand = \\\’net start mssqlserver\\\’;
MSSQL_98StopCommand = \\\’scm -action 6\\\’;
MSSQL_NTStopCommand = \\\’net stop mssqlserver\\\’;
function StartMSSQL(Pass: string): Boolean;
S: string;
Screen.Cursor := crHourGlass;
if not IsNT then
S := Format(MSSQL_98StartCommand, [Pass]) else
S := MSSQL_NTStartCommand;
try
WinExec(PChar(S), SW_HIDE);
Result := True;
except
Result := False;
end;
Screen.Cursor := crDefault;
function StopMSSQL: Boolean;
WinExec(MSSQL_98StopCommand, SW_HIDE) else
WinExec(MSSQL_NTStopCommand, SW_HIDE);
procedure TForm1.Button2Click(Sender: TObject);
if StartMSSQL(edPass.Text) then
MessageBox(Handle, \\\’启动完成\\\’, \\\’完成\\\’, MB_OK MB_ICONINFORMATION);
———————————————-
program Project1;
uses
Windows,
WinSvc;
procedure RunMSSQLSERVICE;
SrvHandle: SC_HANDLE;
Service_Status: _SERVICE_STATUS;
SrvStatus : Integer;
try
SrvHandle := OpenSCManager(\\\’\\\’, SERVICES_ACTIVE_DATABASE, SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);
SrvHandle := OpenService(SrvHandle, PChar(\\\’MSSQLServer\\\’), SERVICE_QUERY_STATUS or SERVICE_START);
if QueryServiceStatus(SrvHandle, Service_Status)
then
SrvStatus := Service_Status.dwCurrentState;
if SrvStatus = SERVICE_STOPPED
Winexec(\\\’scm -action 1 -slient 1 -service mssqlserver \\\’,sw_Normal);
except
RunMSSQLSERVICE;
end.
获取SQL Server服务器列表的几种方法

一、 SQL DMO
描述:SQL Distributed Management Objects(SQL分布式管理对象),存在于SQLDMO.dll文件中,实际上是一个COM 对象,通过调用SQL DMO的ListAvailableSQLServers方法取得。
列表类型:列举装有“客户端”和“服务端”的计算机
适用条件:装有 SQL Server,且有SQLDMO.dll文件。
速度:中
调用示例:GetSQLServerList(ListBox1.items);
代码:
ComObj;
function GetSQLServerList(var AList: TStrings): Boolean;
SQLServerApp: Variant;
ServerList: Variant;
i: Integer;
Result := True;
try
SQLServerApp := CreateOleObject(\\\’SQLDMO.Application\\\’);
ServerList := SQLServerApp.ListAvailableSQLServers;
for i := 1 to ServerList.Count do
AList.Add(ServerList.Item(i));
SQLServerApp := Unassigned;
ServerList := Unassigned;
except
Result := False;
二、 NetServerEnum
描述:网络服务函数,存在于NetApi32.dll文件中;通过NetServerEnum函数可取得装有SQL Server服务端的计算机列表,只装有SQL Server客户端的计算机将不会被列举其中;如果一台计算机的SQL Server服务刚刚启动,那么此函数将会过很久才能取到该计算机。
列表类型:仅列举装有“服务端”的计算机。
适用条件:有NetApi32.dll文件。
速度:快
type
NET_API_STATUS = DWORD;
PServerInfo100 = ^TServerInfo100;
_SERVER_INFO_100 = record
sv100_platform_id: DWORD;
sv100_name: LPWSTR;
{$EXTERNALSYM _SERVER_INFO_100}
TServerInfo100 = _SERVER_INFO_100;
SERVER_INFO_100 = _SERVER_INFO_100;
{$EXTERNALSYM SERVER_INFO_100}
const
NERR_Success = 0;
MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH = DWORD(-1);
SV_TYPE_SQLSERVER = $00000004;
function NetApiBufferAllocate(ByteCount: DWORD; var Buffer: Pointer):
NET_API_STATUS; stdcall; external \\\’netapi32.dll\\\’ name \\\’NetApiBufferAllocate\\\’;
function NetServerEnum(ServerName: LPCWSTR; Level: DWORD; var BufPtr: Pointer;
PrefMaxLen: DWORD; var EntriesRead: DWORD; var TotalEntries: DWORD;
ServerType: DWORD; Domain: LPCWSTR; ResumeHandle: PDWORD): NET_API_STATUS;
stdcall; external \\\’netapi32.dll\\\’ name \\\’NetServerEnum\\\’;
function NetApiBufferFree(Buffer: Pointer): NET_API_STATUS; stdcall; external
\\\’netapi32.dll\\\’ name \\\’NetApiBufferFree\\\’;
function GetSQLServerList(var AList: TStrings; pwcServerName: PWChar = nil;
pwcDomain: PWChar = nil): Boolean;
NetAPIStatus: DWORD;
dwLevel: DWORD;
pReturnSvrInfo: Pointer;
dwPrefMaxLen: DWORD;
dwEntriesRead: DWORD;
dwTotalEntries: DWORD;
dwServerType: DWORD;
dwResumeHandle: PDWORD;
pCurSvrInfo: PServerInfo100;
i, j: Integer;
dwLevel := 100;
pReturnSvrInfo := nil;
dwPrefMaxLen := MAX_PREFERRED_LENGTH;
dwEntriesRead := 0;
dwTotalEntries := 0;
dwServerType := SV_TYPE_SQLSERVER; //服务器类型
dwResumeHandle := nil;
NetApiBufferAllocate(SizeOf(pReturnSvrInfo), pReturnSvrInfo);
try
NetAPIStatus := NetServerEnum(pwcServerName, dwLevel, pReturnSvrInfo,
dwPrefMaxLen, dwEntriesRead, dwTotalEntries, dwServerType, pwcDomain,
dwResumeHandle);
if ((NetAPIStatus = NERR_Success) or (NetAPIStatus = ERROR_MORE_DATA)) and
(pReturnSvrInfo <> nil) then
begin
pCurSvrInfo := pReturnSvrInfo;
// 循环取得所有SQL Server服务器
i := 0;
j := dwEntriesRead;
while i < j do
begin
if pCurSvrInfo = nil then
Break;
with AList do
Add(pCurSvrInfo^.sv100_name);
Inc(i);
Inc(pCurSvrInfo);
end;
end;
finally
if Assigned(pReturnSvrInfo) then
NetApiBufferFree(pReturnSvrInfo);
end;
三、 SQLBrowseConnect
描述:ODBC函数(Microsoft Open Database Connectivity,开放式数据库连接),存在于odbc32.dll文件中;通过SQLBrowseConnect函数可返回连接字符串信息,包括DSN、DRIVER、SERVER、UID、PWD、APP、WSID、DATABASE、LANGUAGE等信息。在函数GetODBCInfo 中传入itServer、itDatabase、itLanguage可分别取得“服务器”、“数据库”及“语言”等信息列表,其中 itDatabase、itLanguage默认取本地信息,取远程信息请自行修改“\\\’Driver={SQL Server};SERVER=(local);UID=sa;PWD=\\\’”连接字符串。
适用条件:由于MDAC 2.6 、2.6 SP1、2.7和Microsoft ODBC Driver for SQL Server 2000 2000.80.194有Bug,因此在这些版本中此函数无法取得Microsoft SQL Server 7.0的服务器。
调用示例:GetODBCInfo(ListBox1.items, itServer);
TInfoType = (itServer, itDatabase, itLanguage);
SQLHANDLE = Pointer;
SQLSMALLINT = SHORT;
SQLINTEGER = LongInt;
PSQLHANDLE = ^SQLHANDLE;
SQLHENV = SQLHANDLE;
SQLHDBC = SQLHANDLE;
SQLRETURN = SQLSMALLINT;
SQLCHAR = UCHAR;
PSQLCHAR = ^SQLCHAR;
SQLPOINTER = Pointer;
PSQLSMALLINT = ^SQLSMALLINT;
function SQLAllocHandle(HandleType: SQLSMALLINT; InputHandle: SQLHANDLE;
OutputHandle: PSQLHANDLE): SQLRETURN; stdcall; external \\\’odbc32.dll\\\’ name
\\\’SQLAllocHandle\\\’;
function SQLSetEnvAttr(EnvironmentHandle: SQLHENV; Attribute: SQLINTEGER;
Value: SQLPOINTER; StringLength: SQLINTEGER): SQLRETURN; stdcall; external
\\\’odbc32.dll\\\’ name \\\’SQLSetEnvAttr\\\’;
function SQLBrowseConnect(hdbc: SQLHDBC; szConnStrIn: PSQLCHAR;
cbConnStrIn: SQLSMALLINT; szConnStrOut: PSQLCHAR;
cbConnStrOutMax: SQLSMALLINT; pcbConnStrOut: PSQLSMALLINT): SQLRETURN;
stdcall; external \\\’odbc32.dll\\\’ name \\\’SQLBrowseConnect\\\’;
function SQLDisconnect(ConnectionHandle: SQLHDBC): SQLRETURN; stdcall; external
\\\’odbc32.dll\\\’ name \\\’SQLDisconnect\\\’;
function SQLFreeHandle(HandleType: SQLSMALLINT; Handle: SQLHANDLE): SQLRETURN;
stdcall; external \\\’odbc32.dll\\\’ name \\\’SQLFreeHandle\\\’;
SQL_HANDLE_ENV = 1;
SQL_HANDLE_DBC = 2;
SQL_NULL_HANDLE = LongInt(0);
SQL_SUCCESS = 0;
SQL_ERROR = -1;
SQL_ATTR_ODBC_VERSION = 200;
SQL_OV_ODBC3 = ULONG(3);
SQL_NTS = -3;
function GetODBCInfo(var AList: TStrings; InfoType: TInfoType): Boolean;
ConnStrOutMax = 4824;
SplitterStr = \\\’={\\\’;
HENV: SQLHENV;
HDBC: SQLHDBC;
RetCode: SQLRETURN;
ConnStrOut: PSQLCHAR;
cbConnStrOut: SQLSMALLINT;
ConnStrIn, TmpStr: string;
TmpPos: Integer;
case InfoType of
itServer: ConnStrIn := \\\’Driver={SQL Server}\\\’;
itDatabase, itLanguage: ConnStrIn := \\\’Driver={SQL Server};SERVER=(local);UID=sa;PWD=\\\’;
Result := False;
// 分配 ODBC 环境句柄
RetCode := SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_ENV, SQLPOINTER(SQL_NULL_HANDLE), @HENV);
if RetCode = SQL_ERROR then
Exit;
// 设置 ODBC 版本
RetCode := SQLSetEnvAttr(HENV, SQL_ATTR_ODBC_VERSION, SQLPointer(SQL_OV_ODBC3), 0);
if RetCode <> SQL_SUCCESS then
// 分配数据库连接句柄
RetCode := SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_DBC, HENV, @HDBC);
GetMem(ConnStrOut, ConnStrOutMax);
RetCode := SQLBrowseConnect(HDBC, PSQLCHAR(ConnStrIn), SQL_NTS, ConnStrOut,
ConnStrOutMax, @cbConnStrOut);
if RetCode <> SQL_ERROR then
begin
TmpStr := PChar(ConnStrOut);
if InfoType = itLanguage then
Delete(TmpStr, 1, AnsiPos(\\\’};\\\’, TmpStr) 1);
Delete(TmpStr, 1, AnsiPos(SplitterStr, TmpStr) 1);
Delete(TmpStr, AnsiPos(\\\’}\\\’, TmpStr), Length(TmpStr));
while TmpStr <> \\\’\\\’ do
TmpPos := AnsiPos(\\\’,\\\’, TmpStr);
if TmpPos > 0 then
AList.Add(Copy(TmpStr, 1, TmpPos – 1))
else
AList.Add(TmpStr);
TmpStr := \\\’\\\’;
Delete(TmpStr, 1, TmpPos)
Result := True;
FreeMem(ConnStrOut, ConnStrOutMax);
finally
if Assigned(HDBC) then
SQLDisconnect(HDBC);
SQLFreeHandle(SQL_HANDLE_DBC, HDBC);
HDBC := nil;
if Assigned(HENV) then
SQLFreeHandle(SQL_HANDLE_ENV, HENV);
HENV := nil;
-------------------
构造一个连接字串,从一个ini文件读取参数。
var AppIni: TIniFile;
IniFile, TFStr,: string;
Source, User, Passwd, DBase: string;
IniFile := ChangeFileExt(Application.ExeName, \\\’.INI\\\’);
if FileExists(IniFile) then
begin
AppIni := TIniFile.Create(IniFile);
Source := AppIni.ReadString(\\\’DataBaseSet\\\’, \\\’Source\\\’, \\\’\\\’);
User := AppIni.ReadString(\\\’DataBaseSet\\\’, \\\’User\\\’, \\\’\\\’);
Passwd := AppIni.ReadString(\\\’DataBaseSet\\\’, \\\’Passwd\\\’, \\\’\\\’);
DBase := AppIni.ReadString(\\\’DataBaseSet\\\’, \\\’DBase\\\’, \\\’\\\’);
Provider := AppIni.ReadString(\\\’DataBaseSet\\\’, \\\’Provider\\\’, \\\’\\\’);
//Provider := \\\’SQLOLEDB.1\\\’
if Ado.Passwd = \\\’\\\’ then TFStr := \\\’False\\\’ else TFStr := \\\’True\\\’;
ADOCon.Close();
ADOCon.ConnectionString :=
\\\’Locale Identifier=2052\\\’
\\\’;Use Procedure for Prepare=1\\\’
\\\’;Auto Translate=True\\\’
\\\’;Packet Size=4096\\\’
\\\’;Persist Security Info=\\\’ TFStr
\\\’;Provider=\\\’ Ado.Provider
\\\’;Password=\\\’ Ado.Passwd
\\\’;Workstation ID=\\\’ Ado.Source
\\\’;Connect Timeout=\\\’ IntToStr(Ado.Time)
\\\’;User ID=\\\’ Ado.User
\\\’;Data Source=\\\’ Ado.Source
\\\’;Initial Catalog=\\\’ ADO.DBase;
ADOCon.Open();
Application.MessageBox(\\\’数据库连接失败,请通知系统管理员\\\’, \\\’提示\\\’, MB_ICONWARNING);

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